What is autism?
What is an autism spectrum disorder?
What are the symptoms of autism?
What are the treatments for autism?
- + Behavior management therapy helps to reinforce wanted behaviors, and reduce unwanted behaviors. It is often based on Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA).
- + Speech-language therapists can help people with autism improve their ability to communicate and interact with others.
- + Occupational therapists can help people find ways to adjust tasks to match their needs and abilities.
- + Physical therapists design activities and exercise to build motor control and improve posture and balance.
- + Public schools are required to provide free, appropriate public education from age 3 through high school or age 21, whichever comes first.
- + Typically, a team of people, including the parents, teachers, caregivers, school psychologists, and other child development specialists work together to design an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) to help guide the child’s school experiences.
- + Currently there are no medications that can cure autism spectrum disorders or all of the symptoms. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved any medications specifically for the treatment of autism, but in many cases medication can treat some of the symptoms associated with autism.
- + Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclics, psychoactive/anti-psychotics, stimulants, and anti-anxiety drugs are among the medications that a health care provider might use to treat symptoms of autism spectrum disorders.
- + Secretin—a hormone that helps digestion—is not recommended as a treatment for autism.
Is autism more common in certain groups of people?
- + Boys
- + Siblings of those with autism
- + People with certain other developmental disorders, such as Fragile X syndrome
Free PDF downloads on autism and ASDs